Research

Electronic toys for infants linked with low quantity and quality of language

Electronic toys for infants linked with low quantity and quality of language

Though electronic toys producing lights, words and songs look attractive, they badly affect quantity, quality of language in infant playtime. When compared with traditional playing methods including books, wooden puzzle, set of rubber blocks and shape sorter, electronic toys were found to be associated with poor quantity and quality of language.

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New Caledonian crows using hook-shaped tools captured on camera

New Caledonian crows using hook-shaped tools captured on camera

There are two species on Earth that uses hook-shaped tools: New Caledonian crows and humans. Now, for the first ever, the birds have been caught on camera while using them.

There are crows across the world, but the crows on New Caledonia, which is a forested island in the South Pacific, are well known for their ability of making and using tools. In other things, they fashion sticks into sharp poking instruments, using them to ‘fish’ for wood-boring larvae that hide in tree trunks or dead wood.

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Twin birth rate reaches record high and vice-versa for triplets, quadruplets and more in 2014: CDC Report

Twin birth rate reaches record high and vice-versa for triplets, quadruplets and more in 2014: CDC Report

An annual report released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics has unveiled that the rate of twin births in America was at an all-time high in 2014 and the rate for triplets, quadruplets and more was the lowest in the last 20 years.

In 2014, nearly four million babies were born and out of them, more than 135,000 were twins, which means around one in every 29 babies was twin. Such was not the case in 1980 when only one in every 53 babies was a twin.

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Alcohol-related fatality rate setting new records in United States

Alcohol-related fatality rate setting new records in America

Shockingly, deaths related to alcohol in America have increased to a level not seen in the past 35 years, unveils the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report. In 2014, 9.6 deaths from alcohol-induced causes per 100,000 people have taken a rise by 37% since 2002.

In 2014, more than 30,000 Americans lost their lives owing to alcohol-related reasons like alcohol poisoning and cirrhosis. The study researchers affirmed that these figures do not include deaths from drink-and-driving, other accidents and homicides committed under the effect of alcohol.

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Bariatric Surgery’s benefits not limited to weight loss alone, reduce risk of type-2-diabetes and heart attack

Bariatric Surgery’s benefits not limited to weight loss alone, reduce risk of type-2-diabetes and heart attack

In addition to weight loss, bariatric surgery as per a new study published in PLOS Medicine has been associated with improvements in pre-existing type-2-diabetes and hypertension and reduces risk of several obesity-related co-morbidities.

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White House presents ‘National Action Plan’ to combat multidrug-resistant tuberculosis

White House presents ‘National Action Plan’ to combat multidrug-resistant tuberculosis

The White House is ready to combat the global rise of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) with an exhaustive plan. The National Action Plan for Combating Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis to be known as the National Action Plan has been developed by an interagency working group.

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A First: USPTF recommends adults aged 40 and above to start preventive statin use

A First: USPTF recommends adults aged 40 and above to start preventive statin use

The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPTF) has issue a draft recommendation in which it has suggested that adults aged between 40 and 75 who face risk of having heart attack or stroke should take statins.

People with a 10% of heart attack or stroke risk in the next 10 years should take statins. The government task force has also suggested statin use to those having low risk as much as 7.5% but depending on individual diagnosis.

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Immunotherapy drug more effective than chemotherapy for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer

Immunotherapy drug more effective than chemotherapy for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer

Results of a clinical trial have found the drug pembrolizumab, sold in the United States as Keytruda, to be more effective than chemotherapy against lung cancer. The drug has already been approved by the Food and Drug Administration to be used in specific categories of non-small lung cancer patients with genetic mutation.

The drug was in limelight when former President of US Jimmy Carter announced that his cancer has also been successfully treated with Keytruda. The immunotherapy cancer drug work by making the immune system to fight the cancer.

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Centaurs pose higher collision risk to earth

Centaurs pose higher collision risk to earth

Astronomers have lately warned that earth is at increased risk of space rock impact than estimated risk. In their warning, astronomers have pin-pointed towards giant comets known as centaurs having much larger orbits.

In the last two decades, astronomers said that hundreds of centaurs have been discovered. These balls of ice and dust pose great risk to earth. Centaurs are around 50 to 100 kilometers wide and their features include- highly unstable, elliptical orbits starting way beyond Neptune, which is the most distant planet from the sun.

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Bariatric surgery reduces risk of type-2-diabetes and serious heart conditions

Bariatric surgery reduces risk of type-2-diabetes and serious heart conditions

Bariatric surgery, a popular form of weight loss surgery, has been found to not only shrink stomach, but also reduces a person’s risk of developing type-2-diabetes, serious heart conditions like heart attack and improve existing obesity-linked conditions.

A new study from the University College London and other British institutions have reached at the above mentioned conclusion after assessing data from the United Kingdom Clinical Practice Research Datalink, a government database having anonymous information from around 8% of the UK population.

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